Updated: Apr 15
Composition is a crucial element of photography, but it's often overlooked by beginners.
By understanding and applying the principles of composition, you can take your photos from good to great.
Definition of composition Composition refers to the way elements in a photograph are arranged and how they interact with each other The good composition creates balance, contrast, and visual interest in a photo
Composition in photography is the arrangement of elements within a frame to create an aesthetically pleasing image. It is the foundation of any successful photograph and can be used to create a sense of harmony, movement, and emotion. A good composition will draw the viewer’s eye to the most important elements of the photograph, while a bad composition will cause the viewer to become distracted and lose interest in the image.
Composition is often thought of as the placement of elements within the frame, such as the foreground, midground, and background, and how they relate to each other. A good composition should incorporate a variety of elements, such as line, shape, texture, and color, to create a visually interesting image. Additionally, the placement of the elements should be balanced and harmonious.
Another important aspect of composition is the use of negative space. Negative space is the area of the frame that is not occupied by the main subject or elements. This can be a powerful tool for emphasizing the main subject and creating a sense of balance in a photograph.
Finally, the use of framing is a technique that can be used to enhance a composition. Framing is the use of elements such as trees, arches, or doorways to draw attention to the main subject and create a sense of depth in the image.
The rule of thirds One of the most well-known composition techniques Divide the frame into nine equal parts using two horizontal and two vertical lines Place the subject along one of the lines or at the intersection of two lines
The Rule of Thirds is a compositional technique used in photography, art, and design. It is based on the premise that the human eye is naturally drawn to the intersection of two vertical and two horizontal lines that divide an image into nine equal parts. According to the rule of thirds, the main components of an image should be placed along these lines, or their intersections, to create a more pleasing and balanced composition.
When using the Rule of Thirds, it is important to take into consideration the balance between the elements in the image. For example, if the main subject of the image is placed along one of the vertical lines, the other elements should be placed along the other lines or intersections. This will create a balanced composition that is visually appealing.
When photographing a subject, it is also important to consider the “focus points” of the image. These are the points in the image where the viewer’s attention should be drawn. The Rule of Thirds suggests that these points should be placed along the lines or intersections, as this will create a more dynamic and visually interesting image.
The Rule of Thirds is a great way to get the most out of your photographs and create visually appealing compositions. By paying attention to the elements in the image and where they are placed, you can create a more interesting and balanced composition.
Leading lines Use lines in the frame to lead the viewer's eye through the photo and toward the subject Lines can be diagonal, horizontal, vertical, or curved
Leading lines are an important tool in composition for photography. It is a technique used to draw the viewer’s eye into the image, creating a sense of depth and leading them through the frame. Leading lines can be either real or implied, and can be used to emphasize a certain area of the photo, or to create balance.
Real leading lines are defined as physical elements within the frame. This could include roads, pathways, fences, walls, railings, rivers, etc. These elements create a visible line that the eye follows to a certain point. This can be used to direct the viewer’s attention to a specific area of the image.
Implied leading lines are not as easy to spot, but they can be just as effective as real lines. These lines are created by elements that don’t necessarily have a definite line, but when looked at together, can form a visual line. This could include a pattern of trees, clouds, or even a repetition of shapes or colors.
Leading lines can be used to create a sense of depth and movement in a photo. This can draw the viewer in and give the image a more dynamic feel. Leading lines can also be used to draw attention to certain elements in the image, or to create balance and structure. They are an important tool in composition and can help to create a more compelling image.
Framing Use elements in the scene to frame the subject This adds depth and context to the photo and helps to draw the viewer's attention to the main subject
Framing is a composition technique used in photography to emphasize the focus of a photograph by using elements within the image to create a frame around the subject. This frame can be created using physical elements like a doorway or window, or it can be created using elements within the image, like trees or buildings.
Framing can be used to draw the viewer's eye to the subject, provide context for the image, or create a sense of depth. It can also help to provide a sense of balance and harmony to an image. For example, a photograph of a beach may be framed by a large tree on the left side and a mountain on the right, creating an even visual experience.
Framing can also be used to create a sense of mystery or tension within a photograph, by framing a subject in a way that hides part of the image. By adding an element of surprise, the viewer is drawn into the image and becomes more engaged with the story being told.
Negative space Negative space is the area around and between the subject that is not the main focus. Using negative space effectively can create a sense of simplicity and balance in a photo
Negative space is an important concept in photography that helps create balance, contrast, and visual interest in the composition. It is the “empty” area that helps to define the subject and allows the viewer’s eye to rest. It is an important tool for composition because it provides balance, contrast, and can even become the main focus of the image.
Negative space can be used to create a sense of calm in a photograph. It can be used to highlight the main subject or elements of the photo by creating a sense of space and emptiness around them. It can also be used to create a sense of depth, with the negative space in the foreground and the main subject in the background.
Negative space can also be used to create contrast. For example, by having a dark object in the foreground and a bright background, you can create a strong contrast that makes the object stand out. It can also be used to create a sense of movement, with the negative space helping to guide the viewer’s eye in a certain direction.
Negative space can also be used to create a sense of mystery. By having an area of the photo that is not the main focus, it can leave the viewer with questions and make them more interested in the photograph.In conclusion, negative space is an important concept in photography that helps create balance, contrast, and visual interest in the composition. It is an important tool for composition and can be used to create a sense of calm, contrast, depth, movement, and mystery in a photograph.
Symmetry and patterns Symmetry can create a sense of order and stability in a photo Patterns add visual interest and can be used to draw the eye toward the subject
Symmetry and patterns are an important part of photography. Symmetry is when two sides of a subject are the same in size and shape. Patterns are the repetition of an element or design. Both of these elements can add visual interest to a photograph and create a sense of balance and harmony.
Symmetry can be used to draw attention to the subject of the photograph. A symmetrical composition can create an aesthetically pleasing image and emphasize the subject. For example, if a photo of a flower has a symmetrical composition, the viewer will be drawn to the flower itself.
Patterns can also be used to create a sense of order and structure in a photograph. When patterns are repeated throughout the photo, they can create a sense of unity and flow. Patterns can also add texture and interest to a photo. For example, if a photo of a beach has a repeating pattern of waves, it can create an interesting visual effect.
Symmetry and patterns can be used together in a photograph to create a strong composition. By using both elements to create a sense of balance, the viewer will be drawn to the subject of the photograph. It can also make the photograph more visually appealing and create a sense of calm and order.
The importance of light
Good lighting is essential for creating contrast and depth in a photo
Lighting in photography is essential to create compelling visuals and to set the mood of the image. It is used to illuminate the subject, to create depth and dimension, to convey emotion and to enhance a scene's overall aesthetic. Lighting can be natural or artificial, depending on the look and feel of the image.
Natural lighting is the use of existing light sources, such as the sun, moon, and stars, to light a scene. The most common natural lighting sources in photography are the sun and the moon, which can be used to create soft, diffused light or hard, directional light. Natural lighting can be used to create a variety of moods, from soft and romantic to bold and dramatic.
Artificial lighting is the use of artificial sources, such as studio strobes, LED lights, and tungsten lamps, to light a scene. Artificial lighting is often used in studio settings, as it gives photographers more control over the direction and intensity of the light. It can be used to create a variety of looks, from bright and poppy to soft and subtle.
Lighting can also be used to create special effects and to add texture to a scene. By using light modifiers, such as soft boxes, snoots, and barn doors, photographers can shape and control the way light falls on a scene. This can be used to create dramatic effects, such as silhouettes, backlighting, and rim lighting.
In conclusion, lighting is a powerful tool in photography, and it is essential to creating compelling visuals. Natural lighting and artificial lighting can be used to create a variety of looks and special effects, and light modifiers can be used to shape and control the light.
Experiment with different light sources and directions to see how they affect the composition
Examples of great compositions
The photographer applies the rule of thirds vertically intersecting both subjects and again horizontally to draw focus to the faces. The siding on the building offers a pattern, creates negative space, and also provides leading lines for both subjects. The use of lighting highlights one subject. The subjects' body positions are symmetrical to one another.
The photographer applies the rule of thirds upon the subject by composing him along the lower third horizontally and by also placing the structure in the center third and the grass in the lower and upper thirds. the subject is framed between the archway and the vertical composition is symmetrical to either side. the bricks of the building provide a textured pattern. The bright daylight offers a contrast to the darker interior of the building.
The photographer places subject A (beachgoer) on the left third and subject B (seagull) on the right third. The sky provides negative space around subject B. The ripples of the waves offer texture and the beach gives a subtle pattern. The tire tread in the sand is a leading line to subject A. The bright sky and the darker land make for good contrast, as well as the clothing worn by Subject A.
The rule of thirds is applied both vertically and horizontally, on the subject, foreground, and background elements. Leading lines from the building's edge bring us to the subject from 2 angles. The brick has a pattern layout as well as the building in the background. These elements provide texture. the sky offers plenty of negative space and leads to good contrast. The pose of the subject provides triangles at the elbow, knee, and hip
The subject is framed and centered by the highway. The stripes act as leading lines. The subject is placed along the lower third. the sand is negative space and also is patterned. the highway is centered providing symmetry. the sand and highway offer great contrast. the strong sunlight gives off good shadows. The color of the clothing on the subject stands out amongst the others.
The subject is framed in the left third. The pose of the subject creates triangle at the leg, waist, and shoulder. The subject is framed by trees to either side. the sky and water create a negative space around the subject. the relation of sky to water is 2-thirds to 1. The relation of the water to ground is 2-thirds to 1. The land and foliage create texture and contrast from the sea and air.
In summary, composition is an essential part of creating successful photographs. It involves the careful placement of elements within the frame, the use of negative space, and the use of framing to create a visually pleasing image. By understanding and mastering the principles of composition, photographers can create beautiful and powerful images.
So get out there and use these basic principles of composition to create amazing images. I challenge you to apply as many rules of composition to each photograph you take and notice how dramatically your images improve and remember to share them with your followers!